IMPORTANT ACTS AND AMENDMENTS (2019-2020) - Part 2 of 3
During the year 2019-2020, the country witnessed several fresh legal enactments and amendments to the existing laws which were highly controversial in nature since the time they were enacted. Several laws such as Consumer Protection Act, 1986; Payment of Wages Act, 1936; the Minimum Wages Act, 1948; the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965; and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976; Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 are repealed. Whereas, certain new enactments include Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act; Prohibition of e-cigarettes; Code on Wages etc. are enacted for the better uniformity among laws. The list of major Acts and Amendments brought into force in last one year is provided below:
For 1-10 see the previous post.
11. THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2019
The term period of Central Information Commission now may be as prescribed by the Central Government. Salaries and allowances payable to and other terms and conditions of service of the Chief Information Commissioner and the Information Commissioners shall be such as may be prescribed by the Central Government
12. THE CODE ON WAGES, 2019
The Code covers the following areas: Minimum wages, Equal remuneration, Payment of Wages, Payment of Bonus. The Act consolidates the laws relating to wages and bonus and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto and subsumes the provisions of the Payment of Wages Act, 1936 ("Payment of Wages Act"), the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 ("Minimum Wages Act"), the Payment of Bonus Act, 1965 ("Payment of Bonus Act") and the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 ("Equal Remuneration Act").
13. THE NATIONAL MEDICAL COMMISSION ACT, 2019
Medical Advisory Council would be set up. The Act repeals the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 and dissolves the MCI. The Act sets up the National Medical Commission (NMC) as an umbrella regulatory body with certain other bodies under it. The NMC will subsume the MCI and will regulate medical education and practice in India. Under the Act, states will establish their respective State Medical Councils within three years. These Councils will have a role similar to the NMC, at the state level.
14. THE JAMMU AND KASHMIR REORGANISATION ACT, 2019
The state of Jammu & Kashmir would be bifurcated to two union territories (UTs) - one comprising of Jammu & Kashmir with a legislative assembly like Puducherry and another Ladakh comprising of the Kargil and Leh districts but without a legislature. Both would be headed by an Administrator to be designated as Lieutenant Governor (LG).
15. THE MOTOR VEHICLES (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2019
Compensation for Hit and Run increased for death - two lakh rupees and grievous hurt - fifty thousand rupees or such higher amount as may be prescribed by the Central Government. Recall of defected motor vehicles that may harm the environment, or the driver, or other road users. National road of safety board shall be constituted consisting of a Chairman, such a number of representatives from the State Governments, and such other members as it may consider necessary and, on such terms, and conditions as may be prescribed by the Central Government.
16. THE ARBITRATION AND CONCILIATION (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2019.
Part IA (Section 43A to Section 43M) to the Act, which makes the provision of the constitution of Arbitration Council of India (“Council”). Also, The statement of claim and defense under this section shall be completed within a period of six months from the date the arbitrator or all the arbitrators, as the case may be, received notice, in writing, of their appointment.
17. THE CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT, 2019
The District Commission will entertain complaints where the value of goods and services does not exceed Rs one crore. The State Commission will entertain complaints when the value is more than Rs one crore but does not exceed Rs 10 crore. Complaints with the value of goods and services over Rs 10 crore will be entertained by the National Commission. The Central government will set up a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to promote, protect and enforce the rights of consumers. It will regulate matters related to violation of consumer rights, unfair trade practices, and misleading advertisements. The CCPA will have an investigation wing, headed by a Director-General, which may conduct inquiry or investigation into such violations.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Priyank Kumar Saxena, is a Legal Associate at Mindspright Legal.
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