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Know Your Rights- An Introduction

Living in a democratic country in the 21st century with no dictatorship, every citizen is given individual Rights for themselves and all the basic fundamental Rights in our Constitution of India.(Article12-16). The Indian legal system has given a lot of power to its citizens. It is upon us to be aware of them and to use them judicially. Rights are standards that allow all people to live with dignity, freedom, equality, justice, and peace. Every person has these Rights simply because they are human beings. They are guaranteed to everyone without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth, or other status. Human rights are essential to the full development of individuals and communities. Our rights are necessary for living standard life with fulfilling all basic needs and wants. Human rights belong to all citizens. Our rights cannot be taken away. It is extremely important to know your legal and Constitutional rights. These rights are the foundation of our legal system and are in place for the protection of every citizen of this country. Failure to know and utilize these rights leads to their erosion and possibly to you getting yourself deeper into trouble. There are many such rights bequeathed to the citizens of India. But unfortunately, most of us have very little information about the legal system and its tenets.

  • We are entitled to free legal aid if we can not afford it.

  • Only women officers can arrest women at the time. And must be present at the police station throughout.

  • Women can only be arrested before sunset.

  • Pregnant working women are required to give 12 weeks of maternity leave.

  • Sons and daughters have equal Rights of the inheritance.

  • Not knowing a law is not an excuse or breaking it. One should know all the laws amended at the time.

  • All the children age 6-16 have a Right to free education. If they can’t afford it.

The Indian legal system is certainly citizen-friendly. You just need to be aware of your rights.

Five major fundamental Rights of a citizen are freedom of speech, the Right to a fair and public trial, the Right to due process, the Right to vote freely, and the right to worship freely. Governments that do not ensure one or more of these rights are not usually considered democratic.

The common man should know his basic Rights. Every individual is free. You are allowed your freedom but it has its boundaries. These boundaries protect your Rights. They are the reason people cannot harm one another. We are all safe from one another on account of the constitution and the laws. Human Rights laws are there to help us get along. They help us live in peace. Violence and discrimination are not allowed. If somebody treats you inhumanly or unfairly, you have the right to ask the law to help you. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without a valid reason or send us away from our country. The Right to a fair trial is also available for everyone. If a criminal charge is filed against you, you have the right to a public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal. Individuals have a responsibility to ensure that they exercise their rights with consideration for the rights of others. For example, when someone uses their right to freedom of speech, they should do so without interfering with someone else’s right to privacy.


Apoorva Sharma, is a 4th year Law Student from Rajasthan university law college.

You can contact them at- www.instagram.com/apoorva_sha124

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