Rights every Citizen must know!
Updated: Jan 14
It is of utmost importance to know your constitutional and legal rights. These rights are the backbone of our Indian legal system and they are protected by every citizen of this country. In the modern period, we have copious human rights, Civil Rights, Legal Rights, Constitutional Rights which save us from unnecessary trouble in society. This blog covers basic laws such as CRPC, IPC, Motor Vehicle Act, etc.
Useful laws and rights which every Indian should be aware:-
Section 294 IPC: - It is an offense to perform obscene acts in public places such as public parks, theatre, educational institutions; government offices, etc and shall be guilty of punishment with an imprisonment of 3 months, or a fine or both. PDA within its limit is allowed, but any obscene intimacy is punishable by law. Since the word obscene is not well defined under this section, it is open for interpretation. Therefore, couples are often harassed by the police officer for the same.
Women can lodge complaints through email: The guidelines issued by Delhi Police entitled women to the privilege of registering a complaint by email or even through the post if she can not go to the police station. The senior police officer sends an email or registered post to the station house officer of the area of crime for proper verification of the document so that an FIR can be lodged.
Accidents involving gas cylinder, cover charge 40 lacs:- In such cases, domestic LPG consumers are entitled to a cover of Rs. 40 lacs in case of loss of life or damage to property due to cylinder blast, but the compensation varies from case to case and may be diminished by the reason of claimants' own fault, like improper use, etc.
Hindu Marriage Act 1955, Section 14:- A couple cannot register a petition for seeking divorce within 1 year of marriage. However, if the high court feels that the petitioner is immensely facing problems then the former can permit the latter to file the divorce.
Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act: As per the Act, if you have a Hindu son; a son’s son or son’s son's son, you cannot adopt another son, same goes for a daughter and minimum age for adoption must be 21 years between child and adopter.
Police Act, 1861: It specified that a police officer is always on his duty, if he/she witnesses an act of crime or if any incident is brought to their knowledge, they cannot say they are not on duty. They are entitled to some risk because of the hard work that they put into their work.
Domestic Violence Act: - Live-in-Relationship is considered to be a fraud in our country, but as long as both the adults are ready to stay together in a live-in relationship, it is not illegal. Moreover, Live-in-relations are considered as equal to marriage, if certain conditions are met. Also, policemen children born out of live-in-relationship have the right to inherit their parent's property.
Motor Vehicle Act 1988: At the time of driving if your body, 100ml blood contains 30mg alcohol in such cases the police can arrest you without a warrant.
Criminal procedure Code, Section 46; - A woman cannot be arrested before 6 A.M and after 6 P.M.
Criminal Procedure Code: - A woman can be arrested only by women police. Male constables do not have the right to arrest women. But, in cases of serious crimes women can be arrested only after receipt of the written order from the magistrate, then the police man can arrest women.
Maternity Benefit Act, 1961:- A company cannot fire a pregnant woman. It is a punishable offense for a maximum of 3 years of punishment.
Income Tax Act, 1961:- In tax violation cases, if you are not paying tax, then tax authorities have the power to arrest but, before arresting they should send notice to the person who violates the tax rules. The tax commissioner shall have the power to decide how long you will stay in custody.
Foreign Contribution Regulation Act, 2010:- If a person accepts any kind of gift given by a company on festive occasions then it will amount to bribery. It is a punishable offense and that person will be sentenced to jail.
Limitation Act, 1963:- A person has the power to file an FIR, if the office does not pay the employees, the FIR can be filed within 3 years. But if you report after 3 years, you will not get anything for the due payment.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Sharal Sharma is pursuing a BB.A LL.B (Hons.) degree from JECRC University, Jaipur, Rajasthan.
Edited by Rudra Prasad
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